Traceroute is a command which can show you the path a packet of information takes from your computer to one you specify. It will list all the routers it passes through until it reaches its destination, or fails to and is discarded. In addition to this, it will tell you how long each ‘hop’ from router to router takes.
In Windows, select Start > Programs > Accessories > Command Prompt. This will give you a window like the one below.
Enter the word tracert, followed by a space, then the domain name.
As you can see I am tracing the route to goolge.com, it shows the IP Address of google.com
Next it gives info about each router it passes through on the way to the destination.
1 is the internet gateway on the network (yours)
2 is the ISP (my ISP)
3-10 are routers on the web
11 is the server (gateway) that the google.com is hosted from.