Windows Server

Tech Short: Configure WDS Server

You have installed your WDS Server Role and now its time to configure.  I hope my steps below help you.

Requirements

  • Installed WDS Role
  • Administrative Rights
  • Installation Media

 

WDS Server Configuration:

  1. On the Server Manager tool, click Tools and then click Windows Deployment Services.
  2. On the Windows Deployment Services console, expand Servers.
  3. Right-click your WDS server name and select Configure Server.
  4. Navigate to the Install Options page, choosing Integrated with Active Directory or Standalone server button is selected and then click Next.
  5. On the Remote Installation Folder Location page, select a folder or click Next to accept the default value. This folder will hold the WDS images.
  6. On the PXE Server Initial Settings page exists there options: Select the Respond to all client computers (known and unknown) then click Next.
  7. On the Operation Complete page, you have the option to Add images to the server now by selecting the check box and click Finish.  This will guide you through the initial image setup.

 

Video:

Done!

 

Tech Short: How-To WDS Server Role – Server 2016

 

Background:

Windows Deployment Services (WDS) is a service role that allows you to deploy operating systems to the PXE supported clients without the need of physical media.

Requirements:

  • Windows Server 2016 Server Install
  • Administrative rights on Server

Install of Windows Deployment Service

  1. On the Server Manager tool, click Manage, and then click Add Roles and Features.
  2. Accept the default selections and click Next until you get the Select server roles page.
  3. On the Select server roles page, as shown in the following figure, select the Windows Deployment Services check box.
  4. On the Add Roles and Features Wizard window, click Add Features.
  5. Accept the default selections and click Next, until you get the Confirm installation selections page.
  6. Click Install to complete the installation.

Video:

 

Done – Next up is to configure WDS

 

 

 

Tech Short: How To Change The MTU – Server 2016

 

Troubleshooting an application issues which could possibly be network related.  I found myself needing to make some adjustment to the maximum transmission unit (MTU) setting of my server.  As such what better time to post a quick technical short on how to go about doing this.

 

How To Change The MTU – Windows Server 2016

Requirements:

  • Logon and Administrator permission on Server
  • Network Connectivity
  • Time to reboot

 

Procedure:

From the desktop of your Windows Server 2016 server open an Administrative command prompt by Right-Clicking on the start button and select  – Command Prompt (Admin).

Once in the command prompt you we be using netsh to determine the IDX of the installed interface devices. this is performed by using the following command:  netsh interface ipv4 show interfaces

Take note of the IDX interface that you would like to change the MTU on as this is what we need to specify when changing the MTU settings.

Using netsh again you issue the following command: netsh interface ipv4 set subinterface “number-goes-here” mtu=1400 store=persistent

Please note that the subinerface will be the IDX number from the first netsh command and that the MTU setting is a value less than the original 1500.

Now you can reboot to have the changes take effect.  I have also noticed the disabling the interface and  re-enabling also works.

 

 

Install Windows Server 2016 Step by Step

There may come a time that you may need to install Windows Server 2016.
Here I will provide a high-level step by step on this installation process.

Requirements:

Windows Server 2016 Installation media (DVD, USB flash, WDS, etc.)
Installation Target (Computer, Server, Virtual Machine)
Keyboard (Mouse is optional)

Video Example of Installation:

Installation Steps:

Power on Installation Target (Computer, Server, Virtual Machine), specify the language, time zone and keyboard or input method then, click Next.

Click Install now on the Windows Setup screen.

Enter your license key or click “I don’t have a product key”.
This option is normally chosen when you have a local KMS host used to activate the Windows Installation

Select the desired Windows Server edition, Click Next.

Accept the license terms by placing a check in the box, then click Next

On the next screen choose “Custom” install. This is for clean installs of the Windows OS

Select the disk, you want to install the widows on, click Next

The installation will copy files and install the base features and updates. When complete the computer will reboot. After your restart, you will be asked to compose a secure password. Once completed you will be able to log into your Windows 2016 Server.

Job well done.

How to demote a Windows Server 2012 Domain Controller

In this short write up I will go over steps to demote a Server 2012 domain controller.

If you have worked in Active Directory and Windows Domain Administration over the years you may recall that in previous version of Windows Server that you would use the command line tool of ‘DCPROMO’ to promote or demote a server. Since Server 2012, the use of DCPROMO has been deprecated. In fact, if you attempt to use it you will be inform of this via the Active Directory Domain Service Installed.

In Server 2012 and later versions the use of Server Manager or PowerShell is required to promote / demote a server to/from a Domain Controller (DC). Below I provide steps on how to demote a server with some illustration along the way. Also, here is a quick YouTube video on the process: https://youtu.be/sBK2_APaDdg

Log into the domain controller you intend on demoting and Launch the Server Manager, select the Manage drop down menu, select Remove roles and features.

On the server selection page, select the desired server from the pool.

On the Remove Roles and Features Wizard, un-tick the Active Directory Domain Services box

The Remove Roles and Features dialog box will open. Click Remove features

On the Remove Roles and Features Wizard dialog box Validation Results box will appear. The domain controller must be demoted before continuing. Click on Demote this domain controller.

On the Active Directory Domain Services Configuration Wizard enter the required credentials to demote this server, click Next.

You will have several removal options. From the forced remove of failed domain member, to removing of the last domain in your forest. Make the selections which is appropriate for your remove task and click Next

Finally you will arrive on the New Administrator Password, enter and confirm the new local administrator account password, click Next.

On the Review Options verify the information is correct and click Demote.

After the server has restarted it will no longer be a domain controller

And that is it.